A brief review study on enzyme cellulase; properties, types and industrial application
عنوان دوره: 1
1Biotechnology Group, Chemical Engineering Faculty, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
2Biotechnology Group, School of Chemical Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran
Cellulose is an abundant natural biopolymer on earth and most dominating Agricultural waste. This cellulosic biomass is a renewable and abundant resource with great potential for bioconversion to value added bioproducts. It can be degraded by cellulase produced by cellulolytic bacteria. This enzyme has various industrial applications and now considered as major group of industrial enzyme. The review discusses application of cellulase, classification of cellulase, quantification of cellulase, the types of cellulolytic bacteria and their screening and biotechnological processes related to Cellulolytic enzymes. Cellulolytic enzymes have been studied as input for bioconversion and as a product from lignocellulose fermentation and bioethanol and biobutanol production. Cellulase production is the most important step in the commercial production of ethanol and other chemicals from renewable cellulosic material. this review is focused on current advances and innovation in cellulolytic enzymes production using plant biomass, and application of the enzymes in lignocellulose conversion to fermentable sugars for lignocellulose production.
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