Biogas production role in the renewable energy road map within Japan and Iran in comparison to Germany as a leader in this field
Volume Title: 1
Authors
1a Department of Chemical Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran. reza.ranjbar@srbiau.ac.ir.
2School of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran (UT), Tehran, Iran
3Department of Chemical Engineering, Science and Research branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract
Environmental pollution caused by energy consumption is becoming one of the major problems that human inhabitants has faced, furthermore, energy demand is increasing. Germanys’ government have worked on decreasing their energy dependence from fossil fuels since the beginning of the 21st century and replace it with renewable energies such as biogas. Germans tried to utilize every resource could help in this field and scheduled on every possible potential such as cattle wastes from farms and animal husbandry. Hence Germanys’ experiences and technology could be valuable for other countries to reduce their fossil fuel dependency also develop their economy in the field of energy and help the environment. In 2015 Germany supply 29.5% of electricity production from renewable sources and it will be more than 40% at the end of 2020 also it is going to be 100% in 2050. In a developed country such as japan is realized the importance of the subject. Although For developing countries such as Iran, it is an excellent opportunity to reduce their fossil fuel dependency and try to gain some cheap and easy to reach energy resources. Iran has the potential to produce 34512 toe1/day electricity just from cattle waste, whereas, Irans’ government going to produce 5% of its electricity energy at the end of the 6th Five-Year Development Schedule Law of Iran. Today, global warming has been proven for all countries around the world; governments and scientists are trying to propose new suggestions to help the environment and reduce pollutions.
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