Investigation of Crude Oil Conversion Rate in the In-situ Catalytic Upgrading Process
Volume Title: 1
1University of Mohaghegh Ardabili
2Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.
3Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabili, Iran
The global community needs fuel for heating, cooking and transportation. Also, the chemical industries depend on hydrocarbons as raw materials. Heavy crude oil and sands (i.e., unconventional oil) are generally estimated by the International Energy Agency at around 6 trillion barrels. Due to the growth of global energy consumption and the shortage of light crude oil, the extraction and use of heavy and super heavy crude has attracted more attention, but its application is too limited due to its high molecular weight, high viscosity and low flow ability, transport and handling. In this paper, the conversion rate of crude oil in the upgrading catalytic cracking process in oil well by means of a computational fluid dynamics tool was investigated, at 20 bar and temperatures of 350, 400 and 425°C. The results showed that the conversion rate increased by increasing of process temperature. Comparison of the obtained results with experimental data available in the literature revealed a good agreement between the modeling and experimental work