The effect of drying step on the performance of Pt-Sn-K/γ-Al2O3 propane dehydrogenation catalyst
Volume Title: 1
Authors
1Petrochemical Research and Technology Company, National Petrochemical Company, P.O. Box 14358-84711, Tehran, Iran
2head of catalyst group
32. Department of Chemistry, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, 14515-775. Tehran, Iran.
Abstract
The dehydrogenation of propane to propylene over Pt-Sn-K/γ-Al2O3 catalysts prepared by sequential impregnation was studied. Three drying rates, that is, 5, 10 and 15 °C/min were applied after incipient wetness impregnation of the support (1.6–1.8 mm in diameter) with KNO3. The catalysts were characterized by nitrogen adsorption/desorption isotherm, SEM-EDAX analysis and XRF for textural and chemical properties. Catalytic performance tests were carried out in a fixed-bed reactor under kinetically controlled condition for proper catalyst screening. The SEM measurement results illustrated that the potassium concentration profile changed with drying rate with the catalyst prepared by lower drying rate exhibited highest K concentration at the center as well as highest propylene yield. These were attributed to the retraction of impregnation solution during drying at slow rates which results in lower concentration of acidic sites in catalyst center, thereby reducing the contact time of the propylene product with strong acid sites during reaction
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